Department of Prosthetics & Orthotics

Prosthetics and Orthotics is a dynamic and expanding allied health science profession. Technically, Prosthetics and Orthotics are separate disciplines, but their common goals in rehabilitation unite them into one cooperative entity.

Prosthetics involves the use of artificial limbs (prostheses) to enhance the function and lifestyle of persons with limb loss. The prosthesis must be a unique combination of appropriate materials, alignment, design, and construction to match the functional needs of the individual. These needs are complex and vary for upper and lower extremities. Lower limb prostheses might address stability in standing and walking, shock absorption, energy storage and return, cosmetic appearance, and even extraordinary functional needs associated with running, jumping, and other athletic activities. Upper limb prostheses might address reaching and grasping, specific occupational challenges such as hammering, painting, or weight lifting, and activities of daily living such as eating, writing, and dressing.

Orthotics involves precision and creativity in the design and fabrication of external braces (orthoses) as part of a patient’s treatment process. The orthosis acts to control weakened or deformed regions of the body of a physically challenged person. Orthoses may be used on various areas of the body including the upper and lower limbs, cranium, or spine. Common orthotic interventions include spinal orthoses for scoliosis, HALOs used in life-threatening neck injuries, and ankle foot orthoses used in the rehabilitation of children with cerebral palsy. More recently, orthoses have been designed to dramatically realign the bones of the skull in infants with positional plagiocephaly.


Fitment of rehabilitation of aids & appliances-

Prosthetic Devices:

Prosthetic Devices (Artificial Limbs) are functional and cosmetic replacement of the missing part of the limb.

Lower Limb Prosthesis: it depends on the level of amputation.

Partial foot prosthesis

Ankle Disarticulation (Symes) prosthesis

Below knee prosthesis

Through knee prosthesis

Above knee prosthesis

Hip disarticulation prosthesis

Hemipelvictomy prosthesis

Hemicorporectomy (Translumbar) prosthesis

Upper Limb Prosthesis:

Partial Hand Prosthesis,

Carpometacarpal Prosthesis,

Wrist Disarticulation Prosthesis,

Below elbow Prosthesis,

Elbow Disarticulation Prosthesis,

Above Elbow Prosthesis and

 Shoulder Disarticulation Prosthesis.

Orthotic Devices:

The Orthotic Devices are generally used for management of various Orthopedic and Neuromuscular disorders including congenital deformity of lower limb, upper limb, spine & cranium. They are used to correct the deformity, support the unstable part of the body, protect the damaged part & assist in function.

Lower Limb Orthosis :

 Foot Orthosis

 Ankle Foot Orthosis

 Knee Orthosis

Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis

Hip Orthosis

Hip Knee Ankle Foot Orthosis

Upper Limb Orthosis:

Wrist Hand Orthosis

Elbow Orthosis

Elbow Wrist Hand Orthosis.

 Spinal Orthosis:

Sacroiliac Belt

Lumbo-Sacral Belt

Lumbo-Sacral Corset

Thoraco-lumbosacral Orthosis (PP)

Cranial orthosis: It is designed for infants with abnormal head shapes in case of scaphocephaly, brachycephaly & plagiocephaly.

Mobility aid:  it is a device designed to assist walking or improve the mobility of people with mobility impairment.


Wheel chair


Cp chair

Auxiliary crutch

Elbow crutch

Walking stick

Camps and outreach program:

To provide the rehabilitation services to the Persons with Disabilities in rural, tribal, remote and interior areas, P&O Department has been conducting rehabilitation camps in collaboration with District Administrative and NGOs to provide aids and appliances in different district of Chhattisgarh.

i. Assessment Camp:

In the first phase assessment Camps are organized to asses and evaluate the Person with Disabilities and their needs for various types of Aids and Appliances. It will give idea the exact number of aids and appliances required for particular camp. After that procurement process will start and after procurement of the required number of aids appliances they were distributed to the Person with Disabilities under Rehabilitation camps.

ii. Assessment cum Distribution camp: Assessment cum Distribution camps are conducted to asses and evaluate the Person with Disabilities and at the same time aids and appliances were provided to the Person with Disabilities at the camp site. If the number of PWD exceeds the numbers of aids and appliances, the balance aids and appliances were provided in the second phase under Rehabilitation camp.